With various tools of exposure correction can be corrected over-or underexposed images. The exposure is carried out globally over brightness and contrast , the curve (histogram), or partially by Dodge and Burn .
Colorkey: describes the cropping of image elements in the Video-/Filmnachbearbeitung, see also Keying .
File Format: conversion or storage in a particular graphics format . A distinction is made ??among other things, the JFIF - PNG - GIF - TIFF - or JPEG2000 format. For the storage of layers, masks and channels, is the PSD - or XCF format.
Rotate: The rotation of an image can eliminate recording errors or special effects. Slight twist is particularly appropriate in a “lopsided” horizon.
Levels : Different images can be arranged as transparencies over each other. The individual elements are arranged on different levels and processed individually. Layers can be locked to prevent accidental editing or deletion. Levels by swapping objects in the foreground or background to be postponed.
Link to this information , the display of EXIF information, such as recording time, digital camera manufacturers and digital camera data. Other metadata , such as the IPTC-NAA standard , can be displayed.
Colors: Colors play an important role of image processing. The color can be changed, the color saturation and adjust each color casts are removed. On the other hand, can also escape the colors of an image, for example, to create black and white images. We distinguish between the colors of the subtractive and additive color mixing . Serve color models or Color spaces such as RGB , CMYK , L * a * b and HSB color of the description. The cross effect refers to a subsequent shifting of the color spectrum .
Color mode and color: You can convert an image into a desired color mode or image mode. We distinguish the modes: bitmap, grayscale, duplex, Indexed Color, RGB, CMYK and Lab. Depending on the color mode you get a different color . It differs in color depth between true color , high color and indexed color , but also between grayscale and black and white.
Filter: images with various graphic filters are edited and manipulated: commonly used blur and sharpen filter (eg, edge enhancement ). Filters with more artistic effects, for example relief effects, lighting effects, shadow effects, Blur. Furthermore, there is the possibility of extension of graphics filters through plug-ins .
Forms: Used for production of geometric objects such as rectangles, ellipses or polygons, but also for creating forms like speech patterns, symbols, etc.
With various tools of exposure correction can be corrected over-or underexposed images. The exposure is carried out globally over brightness and contrast , the curve (histogram), or partially by Dodge and Burn .
For an existing analog footage Digitization is necessary. In most cases, however, already digitized for post processing. Here, the film is scanned and converted into a digital storage format. With digital recording, digitization occurs during the recording. For film-based projection of the image data at the end of the post will be exposed on (mostly) 35-mm film.
Of particular importance in the HDCAM SDTI Interface to. This interface can be copied without loss, as for example by means of DV Fire Wire. Sony offers with the non-linear editing system XPRI still a virgin cutting and mastering system for HDCAM to - hence the 0-generation, the material can be recorded with the camera, copied, edited and mastered without a band generation creates - through the SDTI interfaces will be transferred to digital data on the tape, not the video signals.
HDCAM processed 1080P at 8 or 10 bit color depth YUV or RGB. The devices are typically connected via HD-SDI or SDTI. The two sub-scan formats internally in different ways:
- HDCAM camera via HD-SDI, bpsw. live or on hard disk: YCbCr422 bit, 10. Accordingly: 1920 × 1080
- HDCAM recording on tape: with YCbCr311, 8 bit. Accordingly: 1440 × 1080
- HDCAM SR recording to tape with 422 or YCbCr in RGB444 MPEG-4, 10 bit. Accordingly: 1920 × 1080
- Bit HDCAM SR to HD-SDI, RGB444, 10. Accordingly: 1920 × 1080
For feature film productions, both tape formats, and represent the lion’s share of all previous digital feature film productions. An overview of the relevant directors, movies, and used the camera offers the Wikipedia entry Digital cinema camera.
In practice, the rotation either on HDCAM tape, HDCAM-SR tape or record directly to hard disk. The quality here is rising from HDCAM (3:1:1 YCbCr) via SR (YCbCr4: 2:2 / RGB4: 4:4) to disk (YUV/RGB4: 2:2 / 4:4:4 uncompressed). The cameras and their source resolutions are identical here, it only varies the recorded material. The HDCAM camcorders use an 8-bit 3-:1:1 compression for tape recording to the HD-SDI outputs on the other hand is uncompressed 10-bit Color Depth available (1920 × 1080). Stored on tape video bitrate is 144 Mbit / s and the sound is stored on 4 audio channels with 48 kHz and 20-bitPCM encodes an alternative for feature film in accordance with AC3 5.1 Ton.
The extended version HDCAM SR was introduced in 2003. This system uses a tape that can store data in a higher density of data, and records the video signal in the 4:4:4 -RGB or YCbCr4: 2:2 with a bit rate of 440 Mbit / second. The higher bit rate allows HDCAM SR is the full bandwidth of the 1080p or 1080i signal (1920 × 1080) include, without reducing the image as using 3:1:1 HDCAM at 1440 × 1080 pixels. HDCAM SR uses the new MPEG-4Compression and extending the range of audio channels to up to 12 tracks.
For most complex shots in cinema production, the HD-SDI outputs can be used for the 750, 900R and 950 camera (the old 900 camera offers no HD-SDI outputs) - and completely lossless / uncompressed recorded directly to hard disk. This does not provide directly to the human eye can perceive the image quality improvement, but creates more reserves in the post-production for keying, tracking, etc.
Both formats offer almost all the necessary image recording frequencies: 23, 97, 24, 25 and 30p as well as 50, 59, 97 and 60i. For higher frame rates, such as 100/150 images only camera heads are available, no camcorder.
The smaller models (730 and camera recorder HDWM2000 / 1) have no necessary for progressive video full screen cinema production and work only with interlaced / interlaced. The larger models (750 and 900 and camera recorder HDWM2000/20 and 500) offer interlaced and progressive frames.
At several colleges bachelor’s degree programs and continuing education courses developed around the video journalism. There are also courses in film and television academies such as the Bavarian Television Academy and the Academy ARD.ZDF media.
A full-time training of six months and a part-time course of nine months for digital video production offers the Munich Academy of journalists to. Furthermore, video journalism seminars are an integral part of volunteer training in the public service broadcasters.
In Austria, the company offers video news on courses, together with the School of Journalism in Vienna and a college course, graduating with a university-certified video journalist. Notably, the online video guide is the Swiss television journalist in the video / inside explain and demonstrate their craft audio visual and easy to understand.
The term EB team is from the early days of electronic reporting (80s), there was a distinction between the celluloid film and the electronic recording ( VTR ). In this process no longer had the footage to be developed elaborate and copied, but the same could be edited and broadcast.
As the EB team , a team is called, in the current electronic reporting (EB) is active. ENG crews come in all areas of television production for use, such as news, magazine articles, features, documentaries and reports.
The cameraman was in the pre-estimate the necessary equipment and materials, and usually put together the team. In game footage , he is responsible for the composition (perspective, Kadrage ), the camera system and for the lighting of the sets responsible. After the end of shooting, he must often prepare the next set.
Prior to the shooting of cameraman developed based on the screenplay with the director to visualize ideas in the script. At one extreme, it takes 100% of the visual realization of the substance, the other extreme, it provides “only” for the implementation of the ideas of others. In the so-called “Polish school” he is already involved in the process of screenwriting. In the so-called Dogme film the cameraman in the visualization is completely free and is almost thrown unprepared into the situation. Any good camera man has developed his own style, but is also able to implement different forms of style. Usually a camera man is chosen for a film production, as it dominates the targeted style of the film safely. In that regard, the cinematographer of the film images as a visual writer and co-author of the cinematographic work.
The work and the related requirements to be working for television camera operators are divided into two different fields of activity.
EB-camera people work mainly in the “three-man team” and put the story to the editor largely independently on visual aspects. The remit is varied and can range from the 20-second short message to the rich 45-minute documentary.
The relatively new profession of the video journalist is highly controversial, because replacing a “one-man team,” the EB team can not.
On the other hand, we speak of e-camera people (studio or live) that operate in the so-called composite camera system, and its statements about intercom received by the director. The pre-recorded or live broadcasts with multiple cameras, the director creates in advance a concept that can be implemented in live productions, but not often 1:1. Unlike feature films or commercial productions often lack the time, with camera operators and editors to talk through each individual subject. Rather, cameramen and editors are working relatively independently.
If you are just looking for a portrait photographer for corporate or environmental headshots, you can check out the U.S. version of our portrait at headshotsdenver. I also specialize in portraits of many leading businessmen and businesswomen. Of course, I also have a fun time photographing families.
I am currently building a new website specifically for the Norwegian bride and groom, but in the meantime, you can go to my American portfolio by clicking on the links above.
London - wedding photography
If you are looking for a wedding photographer for your celebration in Oslo and Bergen, you’ve come to the right place. I am available for travel throughout Norway and would like to hear more about the big day. Check out my portfolio of wedding pictures, click on the contact link and send me a note about your plans. I am happy to help you plan your in any way I can, and I can recommend some good coordinators and planners for your wedding in Oslo or Bergen. I am also available for wedding photography in some of the other towns around the capital, such as Vestby, Ski, Ås, Frogn, Nesodden, Oppegård, Bærum, Asker, Lørenskog, Skedsmo, Nittedal, Ullensaker, Nes, Eidsvold, Bygdøy, Frogner and and other areas around Akershus. For example, my wedding photography available at Ullevål, saws, Torshov, St. Hans Haugen, Oranienburg, Old, South, Sinsen, Helsfyr, Bjerke and Ullern. For Bergen wedding, I can shoot in Bergen, Fana, Dallas, Laksevåg, Årstad and Åsane.
Wedding Trondheim | Stavanger photographer
I am also available for weddings near Stavanger and Trondheim. The best places to marry Sentrun, Strindheim, Byåsen, Heimdal and many other great areas around Trondheim. Or you can take with me as a photographer for your wedding in Haugesund, Klepp, Sola and Karmøy. Other favorite sites for wedding photography in Norway includes Drammen, Sand Suresnes, Oslo, Alesund, Larvik and Tønsberg.
I am a wedding photographer in Norway. In a nutshell, I love life, humor, emotional connections and stories - so naturally, I love to photograph weddings. My hope is that when my couple shows their wedding albums to their grandchildren, they laugh, they cry and they will feel from deep down what they felt so many years before they said their vows.
I’m lucky NOK to have photographed countless marriages around the world, from the white sands of the Caribbean to the mountains of Colorado to the blue waters of the California coast. Some favorite destinations I have shot in British Virgin Islands, Aruba, Bahamas, Belize, Cancun, Cozumel, Baltimore, San Francisco, Vail, Aspen and the hidden lakes of central Montana. And now I’m in Norway, married to the most wonderful woman in the world and live in a country perhaps more beautiful than all the dreamy destinations combined.
Because of my years in newspapers, I shoot in a documentary style and proudly belong to the international Wedding Photojournalist Association, which has given my work with nearly 20 awards. I am honored to have been appointed an Our World Photographer of Sigma Photo, one of the biggest camera and lens manufacturers on the planet, and my work has appeared in major publications of the American wedding industry: Brides Magazine, The Knot, Ever After, StyleMePretty, Town and Country Magazine, your wedding day, and many more.
Wedding Photo is a very special task as our wedding photographer performs with great respect and precision under a different and vibrant wedding photography . Our qualified wedding photographer captures the magical day in portraits with enthusiasm, joy and creativity from a personal and professional wedding photography. The bride and groom to relax on their wedding photography and feel that they are cared for by their wedding photographer. For our wedding photographer, man is the focus on wedding photography, not window dressing and artificial effects.
A talented wedding photographer welcome you in the studio for wedding photography , but can also take pictures outside in a beautiful place outside the studio. A wedding photographer can photograph your wedding photos on the wedding party or the wedding day and capture moments that can occur during the different and beautiful wedding photography. The most important thing is that your wedding photography is a great experience. A wedding photographer will help you find the best designs, both in their wedding photography and viewing of images. Their wedding photography should be a warm memory of your big day.
The top point shooting underlines the scale of the image space, shows the air space. Shooting from above reveals the overall plans for the image and diminishes the significance of each structure. Previous high altitude at home like children’s toys. Special effect can be achieved when taking pictures with a bird’s-eye view (from the Ostankino tower, a helicopter or airplane). In that view appears non-obvious from the ground pattern of streets, neighborhoods, roads and rivers. We are dealing not with the architectural ensembles, with a picture of the city as a whole. Even more interesting to shoot in rural areas: similar to colorful patchwork fields and neat gardens of the cell, with a clear layout and a tiny house characters.
The top view is original, partly because it is not easy to arrange a shoot in such conditions. It is associated with romance. For example, a smart tiled roofs of old cities like invited to wander through it, and night shooting cities give a sense of mystical flight of the slumbering city.
Shooting point determined by the distance, the position of the plane and its height. Depends on the distance scale of the object and the camera angle . The closer the photographer to a rented subject - so that we obtain larger. Perspective - this perspective image distortion. For more dynamic photograph can be put in, coming closer to the building and using a wide angle lens or the shortest focal length in the compact. It is always interesting to look at the familiar outlines of a new way. This perspective is characterized by strongly expressed a view that forms a diagonal line. Look very advantageous in this perspective, industrial buildings, bridges and construction sites: emphasizes the individual characteristics of structures, the focus shifted to their power and importance.
Shooting standard lenses and a telephoto from a distance, by contrast, gives a more familiar sight picture, gravitating to the documentary and realism.
Skirted around the building, pushing it into the frame to the right or left, you can solve the problems of composition , foreground and background, as well as to find the most advantageous angle structures, combined with the available light. As a rule, building a better angle to shoot from, so that the open view of two planes of the walls. This sends volumetric space and demonstrates the architectural features of buildings. In this position, easier to identify the diagonal, is animating the image.
Samsung will soon commercialize a new series of ultra fast memory SDHC and micro SDHC , Class 10. The cards offer fast, read and write, up to 24MB / s.
There are two lines: Plus Samsung line, with capacity of between 8 and 16GB and Samsung Essential line, with capacities from 4GB to 32GB. The price in Korea is approximately equivalent to 12.50 euros for the 8GB Card Plus online, to 24 euros for the 16GB Plus line and 7 euros for the Essential line up to 4GB 48 euros for the top of the line 32GB.
The picture was not always considered an art. The integration of art was a process that began with much-discussed portrait photographers. The photographic portrait was honored as a replacement of painted portrait as the former was much cheaper. As the photographic portrait to replace the painted portrait , many painters, portrait photographers decided to become to survive. This was the case of Felix Tournachon, Gustave Le Gray and the second of the brothers Bisson. This was the first entry of the artistic medium of photography. Furthermore, these painters were among those who fought for the picture is considered an art.
In the mid-nineteenth century came a new artistic trend, the naturalism . The emergence of this new trend, focusing on objectivity, sought to imitate reality and nature with a high degree of perfection and despised subjectivity. So, naturalism was the door that opened to give the picture a real importance in art as the imitation of an almost perfect reality, far outstripped the painting in this regard. Moreover, the constant development of photography at the time, basically the new techniques on the use of sunlight, giving rise to photos with a greater aesthetic significance, leading to a new approach of photography to the art.
Later techniques were discovered using egg white , which made ??it possible to make the image itself will be stored in the paper. This technique was improved by understanding the chemical phenomena involved and continuous experimentation with alternative materials. Soon it was possible to have a box with a photosensitive paper hidden from the light, a gun with which focus, and a shutter to switch the light long enough to impress the film.
Photography as art, science and human experience were evolved in parallel during this time. As it was possible to make the camera a user-friendly mobile device appeared the possibility to influence the viewer through the position of the camera and focus, allowing the photographer to move the subjectivity of photography as well start building a language art.
The aerial photography is an analysis of the surface by using cameras installed on board of various air assets. Finds applications in the field of research archaeological or geological as well as in agriculture to gather information on the nature of the land and the extension of cultivation, or in the military for information on strategic objectives. In archeology is used as a method of subsurface exploration to discover structures in the ground without digging.
Photography orbital imaging allows high much higher than those typical of aerial photography, which is an extension by cameras located on spacecraft or satellites in orbit around the Earth . Among its many applications it is worth noting studies weather , research on the pollution of the seas or on natural resources, etc.
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The camera obscura is the image forming device, while the photographic film or electronic sensor to grasp handle. The storage of captured images depends on the type of camera was kept in the same movie if it is classic machines, or in any memory device into digital. In the latter case, the resulting image is stored as digital data electronically and can be viewed on screen or reproduced on paper or film.
To take a shot, the photographer sets the camera beforehand and the lens to adjust the quality of the light image to be projected on the photosensitive material. When you release the shutter, the material is finally exposed, causing him physical or chemical changes that constitute a “latent image” visible but not yet present in its internal structure. After due process, this information becomes a usable image. In the classic cameras sensitive material is a film or photographic plate, while the digital electronic devices use light-sensitive, which may be technology-based CCD or CMOS .
The movie camera is a special type of camera that takes a rapid sequence of photographs on strips of film. When playing at a certain speed the eyes and the brain of a person joining the sequence of separate images and create the illusion of movement.
Louis Daguerre is associated with Niepce, to continue investigations. But Niepce died in 1833, and Daguerre continued alone until a reliable and commercial. The daguerreotype was presented in 1839 at the Academy of Sciences and Arts of France.
That same year, 1839, discloses the process of daguerreotype world. The system consists of obtaining an image on a surface of silver polish. To save money, usually copper plates were silver, they only needed to have a silver face. The image is revealed with mercury vapors, appearing on the silver side of the plate, which had previously been sensitized with iodine vapor.  But it was an expensive procedure, and heavy equipment, and required a high exposure time of several minutes at first. In addition to mercury vapors were actually harmful to health.
In 1840 William Henry Fox Talbot developed a negative-positive, another procedure called calotype . Was to obtain a negative role, then by contact was positivism on another sheet of paper. The paper is moistened in an acid solution of silver nitrate before and after exposure and before being fixed. It marked the invention of the photographic copy as a single negative could lead to several positive results.
In 1842 the English chemist and astronomer Sir John Frederick William Herschel introduced a process called cianotipia . It was also the first to apply the terms “positive” and “negative” to photographic images. In 1819, Herschel discovered the power of sodium thiosulphate solvent around the insoluble silver salts, setting a precedent for use as a fixing agent in photography. Informed Talbot and Daguerre of his discovery in 1839 and that it could be used to attach a permanent image. He made ??the first glass negative in late 1839.